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Skillful and efficient human resources are the preconditions for development

Md. Atikur Rahman | October 06, 2018
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Symbolic Picture

Human resources are the driving force of a country's development. If the country's population is illiterate and inefficient, then the country's development is not possible. In the west we look at different countries, we see that the manpower of all the countries is educated and skilled.

Countries which have been able to convert the population into illiterate, those countries have progressed economically. And overall development was possible. So there is no alternative to development of a country except human resources development.
66 percent of the total population of Bangladesh is now operational. Gradually, this number of operational people will increase. The number will reach 70 percent in the next 2030. There is a chance for the country's economic development by utilizing this enormous work force. But the main problem of Bangladesh is to use them properly.
Human Development Report of the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) in the Asian-Pacific region speaks about the possibility of population and challenges. UNDP says, the working population in Bangladesh (15 to 64 years old) is 10 56 million, which is 66 percent of the total population. And in 2030 it will grow to 124.9 million, which is 70 percent of the total population. But it is fortunate to have this manpower for economic development. They have no education, system, different work, training to use in Bangladesh. However, the number of operational people will start to decrease after 2030. The number of people who cannot work can grow.

It is said in the report that the number of older people in the country or 60 years of age is now 7 percent. In 2030, the number will rise to 12 percent. And in 2050 it will grow to 22 percent. It says that from 2015 to 2030, the major increase in the working population will continue in both regions of South Asia and Southeast Asia. Later it will start to decrease. As the working people will grow, the countries of this region will have to work adequately. They should be financially managed and energized in order to include growth and help in human development. The report provides information on population related information, types of change and action in 45 countries of the Asia-Pacific region. This human development report is published simultaneously in 45 countries of this region.
We are known that the main asset of our country is human resources. Development is largely centered, so human resources are the main tool of development. We have today become the middle income country, contributing to our operational human resources. There is a saying that 'Demographic Bonus' is common. The literal meaning of which is the age-based benefit of population. According to the CIA-The World Fact book,“When the number of people working in a country is at the highest proportion, those countries enter demographic bonuses”. It is to be noted that Bangladesh demographic banners entered 2012.
Currently, 40 percent of the population of Bangladesh is below 20 years. The median age of the people (median age) is about 25.4 years now. Meaning half of the population is below twenty-five we are currently in the top position of demographic bonus. At present, 63 percent of the total population of the country, which is approximately 10 million, is in the working age. This situation will continue for 30 to 40 years. According to economists and population experts, after every 50 to 60 years, a country enters this state. But in Bangladesh this situation has come about 150 years later. Based on the right use of these benefits, our desired development.

At present we are a low middle income country. Depending on the demographic bonus we may be able to become a middle income country. But if the next generation does not retain the achievement, then everything will become meaningless. As has happened in Nigeria's case since a significant portion of the country's population is living below the poverty line, it is necessary to make timely and appropriate education system for making efficient human resources for the sake of development, as well as good governance. We need to learn from Malaysia, Singapore, and China’s development history.

However, today we are in demographic bonuses. But it is a matter of concern - the large part of our working population is unemployed. According to the Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS), currently more than 2.6 million people of Bangladesh are unemployed. Although unpleasant, we are responsible for their condition. Because we could not arrange this efficient population transformation into skilled human resources. To overcome this situation, we need to change our education system.
Now the interest of education is increased among the people of the country, it is a good direction. But it seems that everyone should be graduate or postgraduate. There is no such trend in the developed world. But there are almost all meritorious and unmanageable people going on the same path. In this place, the state will have to adopt simultaneous measures. The education system will be put in place for human resources development. Education should be based on realistic, science and technology. Bangladesh has taken various programs for the development of the government and human resources.

শিক্ষা সংক্রান্ত খবরাখবর নিয়মিত পেতে রেজিস্ট্রেশন করুন অথবা Log In করুন।

Account Benefit
Human resource development:-
The country's labor force is the human resources of the country. In general, the development of human resources means that the country's largest population is utilized as a tool for the development of the country through the necessary facilities. As human resources development is the process of increasing human performance and efficiency through appropriate education, healthful housing, medical services, training etc. Efficient human resources are essential elements of economic development of a country.

Government Program for the development of human resources: -
Especially important is the role of skilled human resources in relation to economic development, sustainable and long-term. Healthy people properly trained and educated people, an essential prerequisite for ensuring and sustaining the country's economic growth. The main goal of economic growth is to improve the overall living standard of the people. However, the government has taken various steps or programs to transform huge population into wealth. They are discussed below-

1. Education
2. Health and Family Welfare Development
3. Women and Children Development
4. Population development
5. Nutrition
6. Social welfare
7. Youth and Sports Development
8. Cultural development

One good aspect of the education system of Bangladesh is: Compulsory primary education at no cost. This system has great reputation in the international community. For the sake of the era it can be extended to the eighth grade, where lesser talent can be sent to the technical education institute later. They can work on various technical issues and get certified and work in home and abroad. It should be noted here that, those who are enriching our foreign exchange reserves mean that most of our staff who work abroad do not have any training. As a result, they are forced to pay obeisance and getting salaries are less. If they were trained and could go abroad, they could do better and earn more.

Later, the merit students will move towards higher education. In the higher education system, it is necessary to emphasize the creation of assignment and field level assignment. The college-university education system should be formulated in such a way by planning how many graduates need it. But with the experience of the work, the efficiency of the people increases. For this, it is important to work with standard education as well as to improve and modernize the work environment. In the development of human resources, 90% of the skill comes from work, 20% comes through interaction and 10% skill through training. Technical support for training needs to be strengthened. In this case, economic and infrastructural investment must be increased. Because skilled human resources in the future will play a greater role in achieving more production and growth of the organization.

Human resources can never be counted as commodities or commodities. They will see them as creative and social creatures. This approach or attitude of France and Germany has succeeded in building skilled human resources. Later, in 2001, the International Labor Organization (ILO) recognized the view. The problem of developing countries is that their skilled human resources or intellectuals are being trafficked due to demand in international labor market. As a result, they are unable to come out of the country's economy and its cycle. As the developed countries are benefitting further in this way, those countries should extend their cooperation in creating skilled human resources in these countries of third world. Developing skilled human resources in these populous countries such as Bangladesh, by developing various work-oriented and time-consuming institutes or educational institutions, it will be beneficial for all developed, developing and underdeveloped countries.
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